PALAPALA HONUA 1839 KALAMA & KEPHONI

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09 HeMauPalapal1840.png

PALAPALA HONUA 1839 KALAMA & KEPHONI

from 18.00

This Pacific centered double hemisphere map was produced at Lahainaluna on the island of Maui by Hawaiian students. The diagram on the right of the map shows the relative heights of major mountains.

 

Missionary Map Shows Hawaii in the Center of the World

Several students at the school did the actual drawing and engraving of the maps. Two of the most prolific were Kalama and Kapeau. Kalama later became one of the best surveyors in the islands, and Kapeau eventually became Governor of the island of Hawaii. A young boy who was not a student, Kepohoni (his name is the Hawaiian word for Cape Horn) did the largest number. 

The maps were essentially copies of maps from popular school atlases. Since they were intended for the use of the Hawaiian students, the place names were given either in the Hawaiian form of the name or in a modified transcription in which vowels were added so the foreign words could be pronounced in the Hawaiian style.

This Hawaiian language version of double hemisphere world map was engraved to aid Hawaiian students in learning global geography. It represents a joint effort by Kalama and Kepohoni.  Several students at the Lahainaluna did the actual drawing and engraving of the maps.  This map offers a rare Pacific centric world view placing Hawaii in the middle of the map.  Most school maps of this period focused on the Atlantic Ocean and showed Hawaii as a tiny dot far off to the side. 

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